Volume 8 FALL/WINTER 2001 Numbers 3/4

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CONTENTS

KNOWLEDGE-BASED ECONOMIES: HONORING THE HUMAN MIND?

About the Contributors

Preface: Knowledge-Based Economies: Honoring the Human Mind?
Robert S. Frey, M.A., Editor/Publisher, BRIDGES

ARTICLES

Innovation in the Knowledge Economy
Dr. Peter Lyman
University of California, Berkeley (USA)

Managing Corporate Knowledge
Dr. Albert M. Erisman
Dr. David W. Gill

Co-directors of the Institute for Business, Technology, and Ethics (USA)

ICTs, the Knowledge Economy, and Neo-Liberalism
Dr. Richard Hull
Sociology & Communications Group & Centre for Research on Innovation, Culture & Technology
Department of Human Sciences
Brunel University
Uxbridge, Middlesex (United Kingdom)

Internet Age Knowledge Management
Emory C. Curtis
California (USA)

Honoring the Collaborative Mind: Open Source Software and the Internet
James Curry
Department of Social Studies
Colegio de la Frontera Norte
Tijuana, Baja California (Mexico)


SELECTED BOOK REVIEWS

Review Essay

Searching for a Scientific Understanding of the Origins and Development of Morality: A Critical Review of Some Recent Works on the Biological and Psychological Bases of Moral Agency
William A. Rottschaefer

John C. Avise, The Genetic Gods: Evolution and Belief in Human Affairs
Rich Isaacman

Gary L. Comstock, Vexing Nature: On the Ethical Case Against Agricultural Biotechnology
David R. Loy

Ter Ellingson, The Myth of the Noble Savage
Rosamond Kilmer Spring

David L. Faigman, Legal Alchemy: The Use and Misuse of Science in the Law
Richard Isaacman

J. L. Heilbron, The Sun in the Church: Cathedrals as Solar Observatories
Art Spring

Peter Marshall, Riding the Wind: A New Philosophy for a New Era
Art Spring

Donald K. McKim, ed. Calvin's Institutes: Abridged Edition
Michael J. Gorman

Jürgen Moltmann, The Spirit of Life: A Universal Affirmation
Rosamond Kilmer Spring

John Rawls, Justice as Fairness: A Restatement
Dovile Budryte

William A. Rottschaefer, The Biology and Psychology of Moral Agency
Art Spring

BOOKS OF NOTE

INDEX

Abstracts

Peter Lyman

Information technology startups are the innovation laboratories of the knowledge economy. Their products redesign social relationships, but as important is the way they organize knowledge workers to create innovation. Startups are network organizations, loosely coordinated alliances of artisans, optimized to continuously experiment and learn, and as such a counterweight to the entropy of bureaucratic institutions. While they use markets to introduce technical innovations into society, entrepreneurs and startups occupy a nexus of innovation floating on the boundary of the economic order.

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Albert M. Erisman and David W. Gill

Knowledge management is a buzzword that is in wide use today. Sometimes it is thought of as the key to the future of business, sometimes it is associated with technology, and sometimes it is dismissed as the latest fad. This article focuses on the managerial as well as technological challenges faced by today's knowledge management, and then outlines some strategies to benefit from its considerable potential value. The primary authorial standpoint is from within the corporate world (Erisman) but keeping an eye on education and the professions as well (Gill).

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Richard Hull

It is a common argument that Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) have enabled a new epoch in which information and knowledge play a central role, economically, socially, and politically. Such arguments-despite any 'radical' intentions-are in danger of perpetuating neo-liberalism by promoting government intervention into the production and use of information and knowledge. It is argued that (1) "Knowledge" as a unit of analysis was linked to the emergence of neo-liberal theories in 1930s. (2) Those theories used what were apparently 'problems' with knowledge to justify markets. (3) They also entailed a paradoxical coupling of 'post-positivist' epistemology with sovereign ethics. (4) That coupling was apparent in the social science input to ICT development from late 1950s. (5) Social science analysis of ICTs then mistakenly extrapolated from the specific to the general. (6) Current social and political theory that employs "knowledge" or "information" as units of analysis must deploy the same paradoxical coupling, and hence run the risk of perpetuating neo-liberalism.

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James Curry

The open source software "movement" is discussed herein. Open source represents an important new element in knowledge-based economic organizations. Particular attention is given to the origins of the open source operating system LINUX, and the role that the Internet has played in its development. How the Internet enables collaborative creative activity to be carried out by geographically dispersed groups of software developers is emphasized. The open source development model is particularly useful in addressing problems related to the centralized development of complex technological systems. Far from being anti-commercial, open source provides the potential basis for a more efficient and creative software industry. Attention is also given to the hacker ethic which holds that information should be shared, not privatized.

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