Click on the Contributor's name to see the Abstract for his or her article
ISSN#: 1042-2234 LCCN:  89-7389 OCLC:  18973904

Volume 14 SPRING/SUMMER 2007
Numbers 1/2


The Reality of War and the Possibility of Peace


About the Contributors

Preface: The Reality of War and the Possibility of Peace
Robert S. Frey, Editor/Publisher


Fierce Urgency for the Rights of All: Democratic Power and the Choice of Conflict
              Jack DuVall
              International Center on Nonviolent Conflict
              Washington, D.C. (USA)

Educating the Deeper Desires of Our Natures and Forming Artisans of Peace: The l’Arche and Intercordia Initiatives of Jean Vanier
              Arthur J. Spring
               Education Department
              The College of Saint Benedict and Saint John’s University
               St Joseph and Collegeville, Minnesota (USA)

Selective Conscientious Objection and Just War Theory
               Dr. David McCarthy
              Theology Department
              Mount St. Mary’s University
              16300 Old Emmitsburg Rd.
              Emmitsburg, MD 21727 (USA)

The Culture of Peace, But What About the Culture of War?: The Voice of Children and Adolescents
              Louis Oppenheimer
              Professor of Developmental Psychology
              Department of Psychology
              University of Amsterdam
              Roetersstraat 15,
              1018 WB
              Amsterdam, Nederland (The Netherlands)

Military Families Speak Out: Challenging the Epistemology of War
              Dr. Shari Stone-Mediatore
              Associate Professor of Philosophy
              Philosophy Department
              Ohio Wesleyan University
              Delaware, OH 43015 (USA)

Education for and Education About Peace–Feminist Analysis
              Prof.dr. Birgit Brock-Utne
              Director of the Master Programme in Comparative and International Education Institute for
              Educational Research
              University of Oslo
              P.B.1092. Blindern
              0317 Oslo (Norway)



Douglas Allen, ed., Comparative Philosophy and Religion in Times of Terror
                        Raphael Sassower

Joyce Appleby, A Restless Past: History and the American Public
                        Pauline M. Kaurin

William Sims Bainbridge, God From the Machine: Artificial Intelligence Models of Religious Cognition
                        Richard Isaacman

Elliot D. Cohen, The New Rational Therapy: Thinking Your Way to Serenity, Success, and Profound Happiness
                        Raphael Sassower

Jack S. Crumley, A Brief Introduction to the Philosophy of Mind
                        Pedro Blas Gonzalez

Roger S. Gottlieb, A Greener Faith: Religious Environmentalism and Our Planet’s Future
                        Pedro Blas Gonzalez

Stephen H. Kellert, Helen E. Longino, and C. Kenneth Waters, eds.  Scientific Pluralism
                        Raphael Sassower

Mark Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion
                        Rosamond Kilmer Spring

Katharine A. Rodger, ed., Breaking Through: Essays, Journals, and Travelogues of Edward Ricketts
                        Mark A. R. Facknitz

Michael Ruse, The Evolution-Creation Struggle
                        Raphael Sassower

Raphael Sassower and Louis Cicotello, Political Blind Spots: Reading the Ideology of Images
                        Anthony Birch

Kevin Sharpe, Science of God: Truth in the Age of Science
                        Raphael Sassower

Marcella Bakur Weiner, Paul C. Cooper, and Claude Barbre, eds., Psychotherapy and Religion: Many Paths, One Journey
                        Pedro Blas Gonzalez

Elliot R. Wolfson. Alef, Mem, Tau: Kabbalistic Musings on Time, Truth, and Death
                        Raphael Sassower

Israel Jacob Yuval, Two Nations in Your Womb: Perceptions of Jews and Christians in Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages
                        Arthur J. Spring



Bob Hercules and Cheri Pugh, Forgiving Dr. Mengele
                        Mark A. R. Facknitz

Aliona van der Horst, The Hermitage Dwellers
                        Pedro Blas Gonzalez


Abstracts Of Current Issue


Educating the Deeper Desires of Our Natures and Forming Artisans of Peace:
The l’Arche and Intercordia Initiatives of Jean Vanier
Arthur J. Spring

In contrast to the spirit of competition and conflict that mark our civilization, Jean Vanier, through his l’Arche communities and an academic innovation he calls Intercordia, has sought to promote a spirit of peace and concord through a re-shaping of our vision of the human. Central to this re-shaping is the conviction that the loving acceptance of our own weakness and vulnerability can be taught to us by those who are themselves weak and vulnerable. Those who are outcasts from the world of competition and conflict are, paradoxically, our strongest and best teachers. To learn their secret is to start out anew on the road to peace.


Selective Conscientious Objection and Just War Theory
David Matzko McCarthy

Selective conscientious objection to war is discussed in the context of just war theory and American law. Selective conscientious objection is the refusal to participate in a particular war because it is judged to be unjust. It draws from the Roman Catholic tradition’s account of just war and its view of the obligation to refuse participation in unjust wars. It argues that selective conscientious objection is central to the application of just war theory precisely because it is not permitted by American law.

The Culture of Peace, But What About the Culture of War?:
The Voice of Children and Adolescents
Louis Oppenheimer

The culture of peace is discussed along with its presence in contemporary society, and the constraints of the culture of war. Because the way children and adolescents perceive peace and war are thought to be a product of socialization processes and reflect the prevailing attitudes toward peace and war in their environment (i.e. society), their conceptions were taken as indicator for the presence of a culture of peace. Our findings suggest that instead of a shift from a culture of war to a culture of peace, a shift has taken place from a culture of traditional war to an even more uncertain and threatening culture of war on terrorism.


Military Families Speak Out:
Challenging the Epistemology of War
Shari Stone-Mediatore

Public debate on war has long been dominated by “experts” who accept war’s rationality, while radical critics of militarism have been relegated to the margins of public discourse. This paper argues that the narrow character of war debate is due, in part, to conceptions of epistemic authority that systematically favor war-oriented thinking and that, therefore, genuinely radical, anti-war perspectives can gain ground only if we challenge, not only the content, but the basic epistemic premises of public discourse. I investigate how one group of anti-war activists—mothers and wives of soldiers—have begun to present such a challenge. In light of their practice of alternative forms of authority, I sketch the kind of rethinking of authority that peace activists must pursue in order to bring human concerns and nonviolent perspectives to the center of public debates about war.


Education For and Education About Peace—A Feminist Analysis
Birgit Brock-Utne

This article makes a distinction between educating for peace and educating about peace. While educating for peace deals with the affective way of learning, educating about peace deals more with the cognitive side. While educating for peace deals with attitudes and a change in behavior, educating about peace has more to do with presentation of information and building of knowledge. An example is given from a school where the teachers sought to engage also the affective side of the pupils when they learned about structural violence. The article looks at the peace concept, and at the sexist language used in the arms race. It pays a visit to some learning material for peace education used in Swedish schools and the invisibility of women working for peace.



The cover design for the SPRING/SUMMER 2007 issue of BRIDGES was created by Mr. Ty Bachus.


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